- Main lore areas
All over Osaka Prefecture
- Main ingredients used
Whale meat, potherb mustard
- History/origin/related events
This nabe combines whale meat, which was once a familiar food for the common people, and potherb mustard, which has been cultivated mainly in the Kansai region since ancient times. The whale soup stock is mixed with the potherb mustard and is very tasty. It is said to have originated at Tokuya, a whale restaurant established in 1967 in Sennichimae, Osaka, and has been loved by Osaka residents as a winter delicacy. It is said that the name "hari-hari-nabe" comes from the sound of hari-hari-hari when eating potherb mustard.
Whale meat is now a luxury item, but when whaling was popular in Japan, it was one of the most inexpensive meats available and was a familiar source of protein for the common people. The proximity to Taiji in Wakayama Prefecture, one of the largest whaling bases in Japan, made the distribution of whale meat in Osaka very prosperous in the past, and a culinary culture using whale meat flourished. However, since the cessation of commercial whaling in the 1980s, whale meat has become difficult to obtain and is now increasingly substituted with other meats such as pork (commercial whaling will resume in 2019).
- Opportunities and times of eating habits
Because potherb mustard is in season in winter, and because it is a warming nabe dish, it is popular as a cold-weather meal.
- How to eat
Add plenty of potherb mustard and whale meat to the pot with bonito flakes and soy sauce, and bring to a boil. To enjoy the crispy texture of the potherb mustard, it is best to eat it when it is cooked quickly. You may add powdered sansho (Japanese pepper) or shichimi (seven spice) to taste. Ingredients and seasonings vary from household to household and from restaurant to restaurant.
- Efforts for Preservation and Succession
Tokuya, which is said to be the originator of whale Harikari-nabe, has been promoting the appeal of whale food culture as an ancient Japanese food culture both domestically and internationally, but closed in 2019 when commercial whaling resumed after a 30-year interval.
Even today, when whale meat is hard to come by, there are still restaurants scattered throughout the prefecture that offer whale dishes, and you can still taste whale hari-hari-nabe. Although not necessarily made with whale meat, hari hari nabe itself is widely known as a specialty of Osaka and is served at many restaurants and eaten by tourists.